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  1. #481
    Biệt Thự Triển's Avatar
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    Sep 2011

    Indonesia hopes to retrieve black boxes of crashed jet from Java Sea
    By Agustinus Beo Da Costa, Gayatri Suroyo

    JAKARTA (Reuters) - Indonesian divers on Monday will try to retrieve the data recorders of a Sriwijaya Air jet that plunged into the sea two days ago with 62 people on board minutes after take off from Jakarta’s main airport.

    In a sign of the fading chance of finding survivors, the head of the search operation also said that there would be a focus on finding the bodies of victims.

    The Boeing 737-500 jet was headed on a domestic flight to Pontianak on Borneo island, about 740 km (460 miles) from Jakarta, before it disappeared from radar screens four minutes after take-off and crashed into the Java sea.

    The incident is the first major air crash in Indonesia since 189 passengers and crew were killed in 2018 when a Lion Air Boeing 737 MAX in 2018 also plunged into the Java Sea soon after take-off from Soekarno-Hatta International Airport.

    “Anything that we can retrieve, debris, victims or anything else, we will try,” search and rescue operation director Rasman MS told a briefing at a Jakarta sea port.

    “The quicker we can find victims, the better.”

    Monday’s search would be conducted in a wider area under the sea and along the coast, in case debris had been carried by the current, he said.

    Around 20 additional ships would be deployed, taking the total number of rescue vessels to 53, he said.

    Authorities pinpointed the area where the data recorders, known as black boxes, are located on Sunday as they lifted chunks of the jet’s fuselage off the sea bed. Rescuers have also found human body parts and their personal effects.

    Speaking aboard a ship, Navy official Abdul Rasyid said divers would need to navigate around jagged debris in the area where the black boxes were detected.

    Nurcahyo Utomo, an investigator at Indonesia’s National Transportation Safety Committee (KNKT), told Reuters the jet may have been intact before it hit the water, given that debris found so far had been scattered in a relatively tight area underwater.

    One of the jet’s turbines was found and shipped back to a port in Jakarta on Sunday.


    The KNKT has previously said the U.S. National Transportation Safety Board and Boeing would be involved in the investigation of the cause of the crash.

    In a statement at the weekend, Boeing offered condolences over the crash and said: “We are in contact with our airline customer and stand ready to support them during this difficult time.”

    Flight SJ 182 had 12 crew and 50 passengers on board, all Indonesians and including 10 children.

    Tracking service Flightradar24 said the aircraft took off at 2:36 p.m. local time (0736 GMT) and climbed to 10,900 feet within four minutes. It then began a steep descent and stopped transmitting data 21 seconds later.

    The Sriwijaya Air plane was nearly 27 years old, much older than Boeing’s problem-plagued 737 MAX model. Older 737 models are widely flown and do not have the stall-prevention system implicated in the MAX safety crisis.

    With few immediate clues on what caused a catastrophic loss of control four minutes after take-off, investigators will rely heavily on retrieving flight recorders intact from the seabed.

    They will also study maintenance and engine records, pilot rosters and training, air traffic recordings and other data.

    Newer jets and their engines emit streams of data to help airlines plan maintenance. But neither the 737-500 nor its engines leave such a digital trace, industry experts say.

    The crash comes at a sensitive time and place for Boeing after poor software contributed to crashes of the newer 737 MAX in Indonesia and Ethiopia. But the long service history of the model involved in Saturday’s crash, and its lack of similar software, mean design is seen less likely to be a key factor.

    Additional reporting by Tim Hepher; Editing by Ed Davies and Michael Perry

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  2. #482
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    Sep 2011

    Indonesia uses unmanned undersea vehicle in hunt for air crash victims, 'black boxes'

    Indonesian police made the first identification of a victim from the crash on Monday. Flight attendant Okky Bisma was identified by his fingerprints, said a police official.

    Divers have narrowed down an area where they believe the flight recorders, known as black boxes, are believed to be but search efforts have been hindered by debris, officials said.

    A remotely operated underwater vehicle has been deployed to help scour the seabed, while navy vessels with sonar search from the surface.



  3. #483
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    Sep 2011

    Họa vô đơn chí.

    Aftershock rocks Indonesia quake zone as search continues
    Agency head Doni Monardo told Kompas TV the search continued for victims who could still be trapped under rubble.

    More than 820 people were injured and about 15,000 people have been evacuated, the agency said.(via REUTERS)

    PUBLISHED ON JAN 16, 2021 10:01 AM IST

    An aftershock hit Indonesia's Sulawesi island on Saturday as rescue workers searched for people trapped under rubble after an earthquake killed at least 45 people, injured hundreds and sent thousands fleeing in terror.

    Indonesia's disaster mitigation agency said no damage or casualties were reported from the Magnitude 5.0 aftershock in the West Sulawesi districts of Mamuju and Majene a day after the Magnitude 6.2 earthquake.

    Agency head Doni Monardo told Kompas TV the search continued for victims who could still be trapped under rubble.

    More than 820 people were injured and about 15,000 people have been evacuated, the agency said. Some have sought refuge in the mountains, while others went to cramped evacuation centres, witnesses said.

    Friday's quake and its aftershocks damaged more than 300 homes and two hotels, as well as flattening a hospital and the office of a regional governor, where authorities told Reuters several people had been trapped.

    Access to the neighbouring city of Makassar remains cut off, Arianto Ardi of the search and rescue agency in Mamuju told Reuters, adding that the search will focus on the hotels.

    Dwikorita Karnawati, the head of Indonesia's meteorology and geophysics agency, told Metro TV on Saturday that another quake was possible and could reach a magnitude of 7.0, urging residents to keep out of the water because of the tsunami risk.

    The earthquake magnitude scale is logarithmic; a one-point increase means it is 10 times bigger. The difference in energy released is even greater. Straddling the so-called Pacific Ring of Fire, Indonesia is regularly hit by earthquakes.

    In 2018, a devastating 6.2-magnitude quake and subsequent tsunami struck the city of Palu, in Sulawesi, killing thousands.

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  4. #484
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    Sep 2011

    "Nghiệp nạn"

    Unemployment shock

    South Korea saw nearly 220,000 jobs disappear ast year, the largest loss since 1998 when the country was hit by the Asian financial crisis. The employment shock stemmed from the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic.

    According to Statistics Korea, the number of employed people stood at 24,904,000 in 2020, down 218,000 from the previous year. The number of unemployed people surged to 1.1 million, the largest since 2000, bringing the official unemployment rate to a 20-year high of 4 percent.

    The gloomy figures show how difficult it has been to prevent mass job losses and offer more employment opportunities in the face of the devastating economic fallout from the coronavirus. It can be said that the setback was inevitable given the worldwide public health crisis; yet the question is whether the government and businesses did their best to minimize the fallout.

    For starters, the Moon Jae-in administration has made efforts to keep people employed and avoid mass layoffs since the COVID-19 outbreak here last January. But the problem is that the liberal government has focused on increasing jobs in the public sector without encouraging the private sector to hire more people. Of course, the authorities have provided state support for businesses which maintain the employment of workers amid the crisis.

    However, such efforts were insufficient to boost employment. Some critics have attacked the Moon administration for only increasing the number of public sector jobs by mobilizing taxpayers' money. They have argued that such a stopgap policy cannot help the country overcome the COVID-19 employment shock. As such, private businesses cannot shirk their responsibility for the shrinking job market. They should have played a more active role as the creator of jobs.

    Against this backdrop, low-income earners have been most vulnerable to the coronavirus shock. According to the statistics office, 313,000 temporary workers and 101,000 day laborers lost jobs last year. By sector, workers in the services industry, including wholesale and retail, accommodation and eateries, suffered the most.

    What's more worrisome is that the situation is expected to aggravate further, at least in January and February, in the aftermath of tightened social distancing rules and quarantine measures aimed at fighting the resurgent coronavirus.

    As things stand now, the country cannot get out of its employment woes without taking more fundamental and comprehensive measures. Finance Minister Hong Nam-ki has promised to offer 830,000 public sector jobs in the first quarter of the year. He has also committed to providing more jobs for young people and women.

    First, the government should expand the social security net to better protect the jobless. Then it must push for deregulation and create a better business and investment environment so that companies can hire more. As everyone knows, businesses, not governments, are the main actors in generating jobs. The Moon administration should also promote entrepreneurship and innovation to speed up an economic recovery which holds the key to increasing employment.

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  5. #485
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    Sep 2011

    "Yên phụ"

    Korea, Japan urged to take next steps after court ruling

    The Statue of Peace, representing victims of wartime sex slavery by the Japanese Empire, is set up in front of the former site of the Japanese Embassy in central Seoul, Jan. 8, the day the Seoul Central District Court ordered the Japanese government to compensate 12 surviving South Korean victims by paying 100 million won ($91,000) to each of them. Yonhap

    By Jung Da-min

    After a Korean local court's recent ruling which ordered the Japanese government to compensate 12 surviving South Korean victims of wartime sex slavery by paying 100 million won ($91,000) to each, concerns have been raised that the ruling has left little room for the governments of the two countries in terms of what they could do to improve the worsening relations.

    The conflict between the countries came to a head a few years ago with the South Korean Supreme Court's October 2018 ruling which ordered Japanese companies to compensate surviving South Korean victims of wartime forced labor, and has been intensified with the Seoul Central District Court's Jan. 8 ruling on compensation for sex slavery victims. Experts say the time has come for the two governments to take their next steps based on the changed situation following the rulings.

    Yang Ki-ho, a professor at Sungkonghoe University, said the essential issue of the legal conflicts was whether Japan's sovereign immunity could shield it from lawsuits in South Korea. But the Korean courts said the cases could not be subject to sovereign immunity, as Japan's crimes were against humanity and happened during its illegal occupation of the Korean Peninsula.

    "There had been controversies surrounding the court rulings, which held the Japanese firms and the Japanese government responsible, as they were the first such cases. But the October 2018 ruling on the compensation for wartime forced laborers and another in January this year on the compensation for sex slavery victims showed the South Korean judiciary branch's consistent stance on the matter over the past years," Yang said.

    "The governments of South Korea and Japan had made much efforts to solve the issue such as providing compensation to victims in monetary terms, and forming the now-disbanded Reconciliation and Healing Foundation to provide compensation to sex slavery victims for example. But such efforts were made before the judiciary branch's conclusion on the matters had been made, and now the two governments face a limit for such past efforts and are urged to come up with new measures."

    Yang said as the Korean government has expressed its stance that it respects the judgments of the courts, it is now urged to take its next steps by implementing measures domestically while seeking consensus and support from the Japanese government for such measures.

    "For the matter of forced labor, some victims are seeking monetary compensation and the government could find ways to deal with them while cooperating with the Japanese side. For the demands of victims of sex slavery, there are some things the government could do, such as establishing a museum dedicated to activities to promote women's rights and education and exchange programs for future generation of the two countries." Yang said.

    "In the meantime, the Japanese government would need to support such activities by the South Korean government and make an official apology again to the surviving victims because an apology by the Japanese government is what the victims have been seeking and is at the center of the matter."

    Another diplomacy expert Bong Young-shik, a research fellow at Yonsei Institute for North Korean Studies, said the Korean government is urged to take the next step by clearly announcing its stance on the matter.

    "After the court ruling last week, the government said it respects the judiciary branch's decision. But it needs to further clarify its stance whether it would stick to prioritizing the victims' demands or it would change its position to extend an olive branch to Japan," Bong said.

    "To take further steps, the government is urged to come up with such a conclusion first. It could keep prioritizing victims' demands despite Japan's criticism that it goes against the 1965 Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea, at the cost of diplomatic or trade conflicts with Japan. Or it could go for another way to offer an olive branch and seek a turnaround in the relations between the countries."

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  6. #486
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    Sep 2011

    Vietnam steps up 'chilling' crackdown on dissent ahead of key Communist Party congress

    By James Pearson

    HANOI (Reuters) - As Vietnam’s ruling Communist Party gears up for its most important meeting in years, its leadership has presided over an intensified crackdown on dissent, according to rights groups, activists and data collated by Reuters.

    A record number of political prisoners, longer jail terms, and increased harassment of activists in recent years have contributed to the crackdown ahead of this week’s Communist Party congress, a gathering to determine national leadership and policy that takes place once every five years.

    The crackdown has left some international human rights groups and lawmakers questioning whether Vietnam has breached the spirit of trade agreements with Western countries - accords that have helped propel the country to a position of economic strength in Southeast Asia.

    “I have been summoned by the police several times since December 9, 2020,” said Nguyen Quang A, a veteran activist in Hanoi, declining to detail the circumstances saying he was subject to an ongoing investigation. He told Reuters Vietnam’s security ministry had in recent weeks rounded up other government critics without saying why, citing his contacts with activists.

    “They (the police) summon them and find reasons to convict them under those very fuzzy articles of criminal law. It completely violates the law but they use it very regularly,” said Quang A. “I’ve told them they can’t shut me up.”

    Vietnam’s foreign ministry, which handles inquiries from foreign media, did not respond to Reuters’ request for comment on activist detentions.


    Despite reforms and increasing openness to social change, the Communist Party of Vietnam, led by 76-year-old Nguyen Phu Trong, tolerates little criticism and controls domestic media tightly.

    Vietnam drew international condemnation this month when it sentenced three freelance journalists known for criticism of government to between 11 and 15 years in prison, finding them guilty of spreading anti-state propaganda.

    The country’s constitution says it protects “freedom of opinion and speech, freedom of the press, access to information, to assemble, form associations and hold demonstrations”.

    In reality, public criticism of the Party is not tolerated, and groups which promote democratisation are targeted by the authorities in a battle playing out online on platforms like Facebook, Vietnam’s premier platform for both e-commerce and dissent.

    A Reuters tally based on state media reports found 280 people were arrested for “anti-state” activities over the five years since the last Party congress: 260 were convicted, many being sentenced to more than 10 years in jail. In the five years leading up to the 2016 congress, there were 68 arrests and 58 convictions.

    ‘FORCE 47’

    Last year, Amnesty International said it had recorded the most “prisoners of conscience” in Vietnam since it began publishing figures in 1996 - 170, close to double the 97 recorded in 2018. Of the 170, some 70 were detained for online activism, Amnesty said.

    In late 2017, Vietnam unveiled a 10,000-strong military cyber unit, Force 47, to counter what it said were “wrong” views on the internet. According to rights groups, the unit also recruits volunteers online to target dissidents and activists.

    Reuters reviewed dozens of posts across multiple Facebook groups and pages from December and January that claimed links with Force 47. Many attacked prominent activists, including Nguyen Quang A, accused by one group of creating anti-state propaganda.

    Some group moderators were dressed in military uniform in their profile photos while others ran pages for official local branches of Communist Party organisations.

    Last November, Vietnam threatened to shut Facebook down if it didn’t toughen rules on local political content on the platform.

    Facebook’s local servers had been taken offline by the government earlier last year until it agreed to significantly increase policing of “anti-state” posts by local users, a request with which Facebook previously said it complied.

    A Facebook spokesman said the company faced “additional pressure” from Vietnam to restrict content last year.


    For some, the crackdown has a connection with fluctuations in global trade ties with Vietnam.

    During the (former U.S. President Barack) Obama administration, pressure on rights connected with TPP (trade) negotiations helped the cause of human rights activists and political dissidents,” said Phil Robertson, Deputy Asia Director at Human Rights Watch.

    The early visit of Prime Minister (Nguyen Xuan) Phuc in 2017 to the Trump White House saw human rights completely dropped from the agenda,” he said.

    Robertson said trade tensions with China have also left Vietnam “in the driver’s seat” as U.S. and European Union companies look for alternative supply chains, helping the Vietnamese economy thrive.

    “The EU had an important opportunity to make real changes through the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement,” said Robertson, referring to a pact that has been a boon for Vietnam. Instead, he said, the EU “fell short, settling for vague promises ... instead of substantive changes.”

    EU officials didn’t immediately respond to Reuters’ request for comment.

    After the jailing of the three journalists earlier this month, the U.N. human rights office said, “Coming just weeks ahead (of the Party congress), the convictions and long sentences are not only a blatant suppression of independent journalism but also a clear attempt to create a chilling effect among those willing to criticise the government.”

    The United States described the sentences as the “latest in a troubling and accelerating trend of arrests and convictions of Vietnamese citizens exercising rights enshrined in Vietnam’s constitution”.

    Reporting by James Pearson; Additional reporting by Fanny Potkin in Singapore; Editing by Kenneth Maxwell

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  7. #487
    I can't breathe. ốc's Avatar
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    Sep 2011
    Ma hiện về:

    Chinese billionaire Jack Ma makes first public appearance in months

    Ma, a celebrity businessman and one of the richest people in China, had not spoken publicly since regulators blocked the flotation of Ant Group, the financial payment company he controls. His absence had fuelled speculation that he may have fled China.

    On Wednesday, Ma, a former English teacher, participated in an online ceremony for 100 rural teachers and was shown in a video touring a primary school in his home town of Hangzhou.

    It was Ma’s first public appearance since 24 October, when he accused China’s financial regulators and state-owned banks of operating a “pawnshop” mentality at a high-profile summit in Shanghai. That set him on a collision course with officials and led to the suspension of a $37bn (£27bn) initial public offering (IPO) for Ant Group, which is an affiliate of Ma’s e-commerce giantAlibaba.

    Authorities in Beijing also ordered an investigation into allegations of “monopolistic practices” atAlibaba and later ordered Ant Group to scale back its operations.

    Speculation about the 56-year-old’s whereabouts had escalated in recent weeks when he was abruptly replaced as a judge on TV talent show Africa’s Business Heroes, and he was cut out of promotional videos for the programme.

    Ma, previously China’s richest person, has seen his fortune drop from an estimated $61bn before his October speech to about $53bn, according to Bloomberg’s billionaires index.

    The wealthiest person in China is Pony Ma (no relation), the chair and chief executive officer of rival tech firm Tencent.
    Nhất Xi, nhì Ma, thứ ba Ma khác.



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