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  1. #1
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    ----- A m e r i c a -----




    A m e r i c a n . F l a g




    *** Source from Internet




    Inner peace is the key:
    if you have inner peace, the external problems do not affect your deep sense of peace and tranquility...
    without this inner peace, no matter how comfortable your life is materially, you may still be worried, disturbed, or unhappy because of circumstances.

    Dalai Lama -




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    The Star-Spangled Banner


    O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
    What so proudly we hail’d at the twilight’s last gleaming,
    Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight
    O’er the ramparts we watch’d were so gallantly streaming?
    And the rocket’s red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
    Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there,
    O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
    O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

    On the shore dimly seen through the mists of the deep
    Where the foe’s haughty host in dread silence reposes,
    What is that which the breeze, o’er the towering steep,
    As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?
    Now it catches the gleam of the morning’s first beam,
    In full glory reflected now shines in the stream,
    ’Tis the star-spangled banner - O long may it wave
    O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave!

    And where is that band who so vauntingly swore,
    That the havoc of war and the battle’s confusion
    A home and a Country should leave us no more?
    Their blood has wash’d out their foul footstep’s pollution.
    No refuge could save the hireling and slave
    From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave,
    And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
    O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

    O thus be it ever when freemen shall stand
    Between their lov’d home and the war’s desolation!
    Blest with vict’ry and peace may the heav’n rescued land
    Praise the power that hath made and preserv’d us a nation!
    Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,
    And this be our motto - “In God is our trust,”
    And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave
    O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.







    *** https://amhistory.si.edu/starspangle...he-lyrics.aspx

    Inner peace is the key:
    if you have inner peace, the external problems do not affect your deep sense of peace and tranquility...
    without this inner peace, no matter how comfortable your life is materially, you may still be worried, disturbed, or unhappy because of circumstances.

    Dalai Lama -




  3. #3
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    History of The White House: An American Treasure


    For almost 200 years, the White House has stood as a symbol of the Presidency, the United States government, and the American people. Its history and the history of the nation's capital began when President George Washington signed an Act of Congress in December of 1790 declaring that the federal government would reside in a district "not exceeding ten miles square . . . on the river Potomac." President Washington, together with city planner Pierre L'Enfant, chose the site for the new residence, which is not 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. As preparations began for the new federal city, a competition was held to find a builder for the "President's House." Nine proposals were submitted, and Irish-born architect James Hoban won a gold medal for his practical and handsome design.
    Construction began when the first cornerstone was laid in October of 1792. Although President Washington oversaw the construction of the house, he never lived in it. It was not until 1800, when the White House was nearly completed, that its first residents, President John Adams and his wife Abigail, moved in. Since that time, each President has made his own changes and additions. The White House is, after all, the President's private home. It is also the only private residence of a head of state that is open to the public free of charge.


    The White House has a unique and fascinating history. It survived a fire at the hands of the British in 1814 during the War of 1812, and another fire in the West Wing in 1929 while Herbert Hoover was President. Throughout much of Harry S. Truman's presidency, the interior of the house was completely gutted and renovated while the Trumans lived at Blair House, right across Pennsylvania Avenue. Nonetheless, the exterior stone walls are those first put in place when the White House was constructed two centuries ago.


    Presidents can express their individual style in how they decorate the house and in how they receive the public during their stay. Thomas Jefferson held the first Inaugural open house in 1805. Many of those who attended the swearing in ceremony at the U.S. Capitol simply followed him home, where he greeted them in the Blue Room. President Jefferson also opened the house for public tours, and it has remained open, except during wartime, ever since. In addition, he welcomed visitors to annual receptions on New Year's Day and the Fourth of July. In 1829, a horde of 20,000 Inaugural callers forced President Andrew Jackson to flee to the safety of a hotel while, on the lawn, aids filled washtubs with orange juice and whiskey to lure the mob out of the mud-tracked White House.


    Soon after Abraham Lincoln's presidency, Inaugural crowds became far too large for the White House to accommodate them comfortably. However, not until Grover Cleveland's first presidency did this unsafe practice change. He held a presidential review of the troops from a flag-draped grandstand built in front of the White House. This procession evolved into the official Inaugural parade we know today. Receptions on New Year's Day and the Fourth of July continued to be held until the early 1930s.


    President Clinton's open house on January 21, 1993, renewed a venerable White House Inaugural tradition. Two thousand citizens, selected by lottery, were greeted in the Diplomatic Reception Room by President and Mrs. Clinton and Vice President and Mrs. Gore.


    Adapted from "The White House: The House of the People", by the White House Historical Association.



















    https://www.scholastic.com/teachers/...y-white-house/
    Last edited by tà áo xanh; 07-09-2020 at 04:25 AM.

    Inner peace is the key:
    if you have inner peace, the external problems do not affect your deep sense of peace and tranquility...
    without this inner peace, no matter how comfortable your life is materially, you may still be worried, disturbed, or unhappy because of circumstances.

    Dalai Lama -




  4. #4
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    Philip Reid and the Statue of Freedom


    One of the most significant contributions by an African American slave in the construction of the Capitol was made by Philip Reid.






    When construction of the Capitol began in 1793, Washington, D.C., was little more than a rural landscape with dirt roads and few accommodations beyond a small number of boarding houses. Skilled labor was hard to find or attract to the fledgling city. Enslaved laborers, who were rented from their owners, were involved in almost every stage of construction. Philip Reid may be the single best known enslaved person associated with the Capitol's construction history.

    Born around 1820, Reid was an enslaved laborer in the foundry run by the self-taught sculptor Clark Mills, who cast the Statue of Freedom. Mills was a former resident of South Carolina, where he had purchased Reid in Charleston for $1,200. Mills stated he purchased Reid, "many years ago when he was quite a youth... because of his evident talent for the business in which your petitioner was engaged, and paid twelve hundred dollars for him."

    Mills brought Reid with him when he moved to Washington in the late 1840s when Mills won the competition for an equestrian statue of Andrew Jackson commissioned for Lafayette Park.

    In order to construct the Jackson statue, a temporary foundry was erected south of the White House and, through trial and error, Mills, Reid and other workmen produced the first bronze statue ever cast in America. The accomplishment was extraordinary due to the absence of any formal training of any of the participants.


    In 1860, the success of the Jackson statue prompted the secretary of war to give Mills the commission for casting Thomas Crawford's Statue of Freedom for the top of the Capitol’s new dome. A financial agreement was reached whereby the government would rent Mills' foundry, pay him $400 a month for his services and pay for necessary materials and labor.

    Reid was the only known slave working on Freedom. He worked as a laborer along side James A. Riddle, Peter Coyl, Resin (Rezin) Offutt, and Mikel Shedy (Michael Sheedy). As an enslaved worker Reid was paid directly for his work on Sundays; his owner received the payment for his work the other six days. He was paid at $1.25 per day, higher than the other laborers who received $1 a day. View a daily payroll report documenting Philip Reid and other workers at Mills's foundry.


    Reid worked most weeks without a break between July 1, 1860, and May 16, 1861: over that period he was paid $41.25 for 33 Sundays at $1.25 per day, for "Keeping up fires under the moulds." He signed with an X by his name. View his original pay voucher signed by the Architect of the Capitol in 1862. There are no known images of Reid.


    While unable to read or write, Reid was described by Mills as, "aged 42 years, mullatto [sic] color, short in stature, in good health, not prepossessing in appearance but smart in mind, a good workman in a foundry..."


    In June 1860, casting of the Statue of Freedom began. The first step was to disassemble the plaster model of the statue into its five main sections in order to move it from the Capitol to the foundry. The model was shipped from Rome to the United States in five main sections, and upon its arrival, an Italian sculptor was hired to assemble the model. However, when the time came to move the plaster model from the Capitol to the foundry for casting, no one knew how to separate it and the Italian sculptor refused to help unless given a pay raise.


    Fortunately, Philip Reid was there. He figured out that by using a pulley and tackle to pull up on the lifting ring at the top of the model the seams between the sections would be revealed. The statue was successfully separated into its five sections and transported to the foundry.


    Philip Reid received his freedom on April 16, 1862 when President Abraham Lincoln signed the Compensated Emancipation Act that released certain persons held to service or labor in the District of Columbia. It is not known if he witnessed the event, but Reid was a free man when the last piece of the Statue of Freedom was put into place atop the Capitol Dome on December 2, 1863.


    Author S.D. Wyeth wrote in The Federal City in 1865, "Mr. Reed, the former slave, is now in business for himself, and highly esteemed by all who know him."




    https://www.aoc.gov/explore-capitol-...om/philip-reid

    Inner peace is the key:
    if you have inner peace, the external problems do not affect your deep sense of peace and tranquility...
    without this inner peace, no matter how comfortable your life is materially, you may still be worried, disturbed, or unhappy because of circumstances.

    Dalai Lama -




  5. #5
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    Quote Originally Posted by tà áo xanh View Post


    Philip Reid and the Statue of Freedom
    ...
    Tượng này đẹp quá! Thanks Tà Áo Xanh

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    Chào dha ghé xem bài nhé!

    Lịch sử của
    Statue of Freedom

    '
    The accomplishment was extraordinary due to the absence of any formal training of any of the participants ' đã khiến tax bất ngờ và hâm mộ.

    Inner peace is the key:
    if you have inner peace, the external problems do not affect your deep sense of peace and tranquility...
    without this inner peace, no matter how comfortable your life is materially, you may still be worried, disturbed, or unhappy because of circumstances.

    Dalai Lama -




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  8. #8
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    Song by U.S.A. for Africa

    W e A r e T h e W o r l d










    There comes a time
    When we heed a certain call
    When the world must come together as one
    There are people dying
    Oh, and it's time to lend a hand to life
    The greatest gift of all
    We can't go on
    Pretending day-by-day
    That someone, somewhere soon make a change
    We're all a part of God's great big family
    And the truth, you know, love is all we need
    We are the world
    We are the children
    We are the ones who make a brighter day, so let's start giving
    There's a choice we're making
    We're saving our own lives
    It's true we'll make a better day, just you and me
    Oh, send them your heart
    So they know that someone cares
    And their lives will be stronger and free
    As God has shown us by turning stones to bread
    And so we all must lend a helping hand
    We are the world
    We are the children
    We are the ones who make a brighter day, so let's start giving
    Oh, there's a choice we're making
    We're saving our own lives
    It's true we'll make a better day, just you and me
    When you're down and out, there seems no hope at all
    But if you just believe there's no way we can fall
    Well, well, well, well let us realize
    Oh, that a change can only come
    When we stand together as one, yeah, yeah, yeah
    We are the world
    We are the children
    We are the ones who make a brighter day, so let's start giving
    There's a choice we're making
    We're saving our own lives
    It's true we'll make a better day, just you and me
    We are the world
    We are the children
    We are the ones who make a brighter day, so let's start giving
    There's a choice we're making
    We're saving our own lives
    It's true we'll make a better day, just you and mee
    We are the world (are the world)
    We are the children (are the children)
    We are the ones who'll make a brighter day, so let's start giving (so let's start giving)
    There is a choice we're making
    We're saving our own lives
    It's true we'll make a better day, just you and me
    Oh, let me hear you!
    We are the world (we are the world)
    We are the children (said we are the children)
    We are the ones who'll make a brighter day so let start giving (so let's start giving)
    There's a choice we're making
    We're saving our own lives
    It's true we'll make a better day, just you and me, come on now, let me hear you
    We are the world (we are the world)
    We are the children (we are the children)
    We are the ones who'll make a brighter day so let's start giving (so let's start giving)
    There's a choice we're making
    We're saving our own lives
    It's true we'll make a better day, just you and me, yeah
    We are the world (we are the world)
    We are the children (we are the children)
    We are the ones who'll make a brighter day so let's start giving (so let's start giving)
    There's a choice we're making
    And we're saving our own lives
    It's true we'll make a better day, just you and me
    We are the world (are the world)
    We are the children (are the children)
    We are the ones who'll make a brighter day so let's start giving (so let's start giving)
    There's a choice we're making
    We're saving our own lives
    It's true we'll make a better day, just you and me
    We are the world, we are the world (are the world)
    We are the children, yes sir (are the children)
    We are the ones that make a brighter day so let's start giving (so let's start giving)
    There's a choice we're making
    We're saving our own lives
    It's true we'll make a better day, just you and me, ooh-hoo!
    We are the world (dear God) (are the world)
    We are the children (are the children)
    We are the ones that make a brighter day so let's start giving (all right, can you hear what I'm saying?)
    There's a choice we're making, we're saving our own lives

    Source: LyricFind

    Songwriters: Michael Jackson / Lionel Richie




    Direct link for view comments
    https://youtu.be/M9BNoNFKCBI

    Inner peace is the key:
    if you have inner peace, the external problems do not affect your deep sense of peace and tranquility...
    without this inner peace, no matter how comfortable your life is materially, you may still be worried, disturbed, or unhappy because of circumstances.

    Dalai Lama -




  9. #9
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    Quote Originally Posted by tà áo xanh View Post



    Song by U.S.A. for Africa

    W e A r e T h e W o r l d
    ....
    ... ca sĩ / nhạc sĩ nhiều khi như là những nhà tiên tri qua lời ca tiếng hát của họ ... cám ơn Tà Áo Xanh thông cảm ... hà rất thích nghe MJ ... một tâm hồn khao khát trong không gian bao la ...

  10. #10
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    P h o t o | i n t e r n e t







    Dha



    Thông điệp từ ngôn ngữ Âm Nhạc có khi mang sức thuyết phục kinh ngạc. Hơn cả vạn ngàn lời nói mơ hồ. Cảm ơn Hà đồng cảm.

    Xanh cũng thích nghe và xem MJ lắm Hà. Bây giờ thì đã nhớ dha là một Nàng, đã từng sinh hoạt với Đặc Trưng từ dạo San Hô, Pensee.

    Cách đây 2 năm Lionel Richard có đến thành phố của mình trình diễn và hát bài này. Một trải nghiệm khó quên với đêm nhạc của LR.

    Inner peace is the key:
    if you have inner peace, the external problems do not affect your deep sense of peace and tranquility...
    without this inner peace, no matter how comfortable your life is materially, you may still be worried, disturbed, or unhappy because of circumstances.

    Dalai Lama -




 

 

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